Tips on Reading an Inspection Report
When interviewing a home inspector, ask them what type of report format is provided. There are many styles of reports used by property inspectors, including the checklist, computer generated reports (using inspection programs) and the narrative style.
Some reports are delivered on site and some may take as long as 4 - 6 days for delivery. Some home inspectors deliver inspection reports via Email, making them timely and convenient. All reporting systems have pros and cons.
The most important issue with an inspection report is the descriptions given for each item or component. A report that indicates the condition as "Good", "Fair" or "Poor" without a detailed explanation may be too vague which could be easily misinterpreted. An example of a vague condition would be:
Kitchen Sink: Condition - Good, Fair, or Poor.
None of these descriptions gives the homeowner an idea what is wrong. Does the sink have a cosmetic problem? Does the home have a plumbing problem? A good report should supply you with descriptive information regarding the condition of the site and home. An example of a descriptive condition is:
Kitchen sink: Condition - Minor wear, heavy wear, damaged, rust stains, or chips in enamel finish. Recommend sealing sink at counter top.
As you can see, this narrative description includes a recommendation for repair. Narrative reports without recommendations for repair of noted deficiencies, may be difficult to comprehend if your knowledge of construction is limited.
Take the time and become familiar with your report. Whether the report has a legend, keys, symbols or icons, read and understand them thoroughly. The more information provided about the site and the home, the easier to understand the overall condition.
After the inspection, the inspector may provide a summary with a question and answer period. Use this opportunity to ask questions regarding terms or conditions you may not be familiar with. A competent inspector should be able to provide answers to your questions. If for some reason a question cannot be answered at the time of the inspection, the inspector should research the question and obtain the answer for you. For instance, if the inspector's report states that the concrete foundation has common cracks, be sure to ask, "Why are they common?" The answer you should receive will be along these lines: common cracks are usually due to normal concrete curing and or shrinkage. The inspector's knowledge and experience is knowing how the size and characteristics of the cracking are determined.
We recommend you accompany the inspector through the entire inspection if possible. This helps you to understand the condition of the home and the details of the report.
Read the report completely and understand the condition of the home you are about to purchase. After all, it is most likely one of the largest investments you will ever make.